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Harvard KAU - a reference manual from Karlstad University Library


Patents are registered with the inventor (creator), year, title and patent number.

In-text citation

(Yoram et al. 2018)

Reference list

Yoram, R., Tavor, D., Tan, H. & Tairy, O. (2018). Adhesive oral dissolved films in managing oral care. WO2018029671A1.

When referencing a patent from an online source, include the web address and date accessed. 

Brash, D. L. A., Crook, N. A. & Lenthall, J. M. (1996). Queue based arbitration using a FIFO data structure. US5485586A. [2018-08-02]


 In-text citation

The first time you cite:

 ... according to standard ISO 13065:2015 (International Organization for Standardization [ISO] 2015)

In the following citations you just write the abbreviation:

(ISO 2015)

Reference list

International Organization for Standardization (ISO). (2015). Sustainability criteria for bioenergy. ISO 13065:2015. Geneva: ISO.

If the standard was accessed online, instead of publisher details, add the web address: